Учебная работа. Electronic document flow in a holding company
Electronic document flow in a holding company
Introduction1. Relevance of electronic document flow implementation
.1 The aim of the study
.2 The objectives of the study
.3 The research methods
.4 The structure of the study
.5 The research relevance2. Description of selected companies
.1 Pattern of ownership
.2 Sectorial branch
.3 Company size
.4 Resources used
.6 Current document flow3. Sector under review. Expected results/Sources
It is known that information is one of the modern production resources. The quality of enterprise management and, consequently, its competitiveness depends on how efficiently and effectively information is used (obtained, processed, transmitted or destroyed).
Documented information is always the basis of enterprise management. Working with information at an enterprise is the foundation of the document flow.
The term "document flow" in relation to workflow management occured in Russian science in the early 1920s. At that time, the main principles of document flow were formulated, and some theoretical foundations were developed. That fact got legal (normative) implementation in 1931 with the release of "The General Rules of Documentation and Workflow." Later, the national document flow standards of the USSR were worked out.
The modern concept of document flow is determined in the article Enterprise Management and Archiving. Terms and Definitions" of the State Standard of the Russian Federation GOST 51141-98 " approved by the Decree of the State Standard of February 27, 1998, N 28, as "the movement of documents in an organization from the moment of their inception or receipt until their accomplishment or dispatch. "study is structured as follows:introduction part covers the historical component of the problem as well as describes the structure of current work.first chapter is the analytical part with the description of the aim of the whole work, objectives of the study, research methods, the structure of the whole study and research relevance.second chapter describes selected company: pattern of ownership, sectorial branch, company size and usage of the resources, its location and current document flow.for the third chapter it describes the sector under review.conclusion gives the summary and describes expected results.finally references are given.
Chapter 1. Relevance of electronic document flow implementation
1.1The aim of the study
The aim of this study is to develop a project on the introduction of electronic document flow in a holding company, consisting of two enterprises and several retail stores. On completion of the project development the selected system will be directly implemented according to the work plan.project follows PMBok 4th Edition standard from 2008 that helps to cover all aspects of the project and will keep the integrated approach to project management.
To achieve the aim the study sets a number of tasks:
.To explore the Russian market of information systems in the field of electronic document flow.
.To analyze the work of the selected companies and their interactions, both with each other and with external factors.
.To identify the most appropriate information system for the holding company.
.To develop the necessary documents based on PMBok 4thEdition 2008 project management standard.
.To review and make recommendations on the implementation of the chosen information system in the holding company drawn upon the basis of created documents.
1.3 The research methods
The following methods of scientific research have been used in the process of writing this paper: firstly, a thorough analysis of existing information systems, secondly, a study and analysis of best practices, both Russian and foreign, then interviewing staff of the holding company, computer modeling, and further analysis based on the acquired business operation patterns.
1.4 The structure of the study
The study is structured as follows:introduction part states the relevance, defines the purpose, objectives and methods of research, and covers the historical component of the problem.first chapter deals with general theoretical issues, the need to implement electronic document flow, and the analysis of existing system.second chapter is the analytical part with the description of the holding company at the beginning, IT audit, and the implementation process of the information system in this holding at the end of the chapter.third chapter describes the changes that took place in the company after the implementation of the information system, the new structure of the IT department, as well as the cost of the electronic document flow system project implementation.conclusion gives the summary and final results of the research; it also provides recommendations for the company.
1.5 The research relevance
For a long time paper document flow was a framework for all proceedings of any enterprise, whether it was a small family business or a large industrial corporation. This means that the registration of incoming/outgoing information was only paper based.that time information flow in small business was not burdensome, whereas using paper document flow in larger structures not only significantly slowed down the business, but also created chaos and confusion., doing paperwork was time-consuming and required substantial financial costs to process it. Over the years and with the enhancement of the company document flow, the process grew more and more aggravated.is hard to find any particular document, analyze the documents of different business units, make reports, keep records, or maintain control.to Gartner and Xerox, about 20% of the office staff working hours of any entity was ineffectively spent for paper-based document flow, which makes the waste of a monthly payroll in the business year.scientists and analysts say that the development of business goes at a tremendous rate in the modern world. Academician, Professor Mikhail Kirpichnikov, writes in his lecture, From Biotechnology to Bioeconomy, "that the person is no longer keeping up with the pace of development, which he has set for himself"., with the rapid development of business the document flow at an enterprise dramatically increased. It is becoming so great that, in hard copies, it simply cannot be processed and stored.is especially true for companies with multiple offices located sometimes in distant places, working with foreign partners, and/or consisting of many units, different in structure and function.issue of electronic document flow implementation has become really urgent for all departments of enterprises, small, medium and large business structures.modern conditions this type of document flow has become an integral part and an important factor of the successful business development, increasing its mobility, sustainability and competitiveness in the market.need of companies and organizations to optimize their workflow keeps growing as no doubt, electronic document flow has a number of essential advantages.
The main advantages may be the following: 1. A significant increase in the speed of information processing within the company, which is an important advantage in a competitive market environment. 2. Foundation of the unified information space of the enterprise, which significantly reduces the risk of information loss. 3. Considerable resource savings as there is no need to spend money on paper, messenger service, and a large clerical staff. 4. Broadened options of document processing as text editing and amending is simplified, multimedia content may be added, and ready-made forms can be used. 5. Improved quality of control over the document flow by creating a transparent system, as well as through the introduction of security features (passwords, access codes, etc.)
Thus, it is obvious that, at present moment, electronic document flow systems are necessary for a company aiming at developing and becoming leader in its market sector.
Moreover, we can conclude that the subject of the study is suggested by the circumstances, by the economic and social conditions that have been established in business by now. And the development of a project for a particular business enterprise is a very important and urgent task.to analysts, more than 50% of the document flow of enterprises and organizations, especially small and medium business structures, is still stored in unstructured hard copies., it is obvious that the current system of electronic document flow is necessary for companies aimed at growth, development, and market leadership.
Chapter 2. Description of selected companies Description of selected companies
The two companies selected, namely OOO (cf. LLC or Ltd.) Plast and OOO (cf. LLC or Ltd.) Prof, further Plast and Prof, can be referred to as small businesses. The companies can be viewed from different angles.
2.1 Pattern of ownership
The ownership pattern of these companies is OOO (cf. Limited Liability Company). Both are established by an individual business entity, whose charter capital is divided into shares. The company shareholders are not liable for its obligations but bear the risk of losses associated with the company operations though the value of those losses should not exceed the cost of their shares in the companys charter capital. Thus, this pattern of ownership proves to be the most convenient for manufacturing companies.
2.2 Sectorial branch
2.3 Company size
As for the size of these companies, they can be classified as small businesses. The personnel of the Plast have 38 employees, and the Prof has 73 staff members. As for the organization structure, it can be said that both of these companies belong to the hierarchical structure that is seen in the following charts.
Chart 1 Organization structure of Plast
Chart 2 Organization structure of Prof
two charts above present the organization structures of the Plast and Prof. It can be seen that both companies have a hierarchical structure, and each department has a chief manager and subordinate employees. More detailed charts can be found in the original graduate thesis by Arthur Drab.
2.4 Resources used
The first company to be analyzed is the Prof. This company uses both raw material resources (rolled steel, lubricants and other materials) and human and information resources. The purchase department is responsible for procurement. Once the raw materials are delivered, they go to a warehouse and are inspected by a stock control clerk.for the second company under analysis, the major resource of the Plast is polycarbonate granules packed in large bags. Besides, the company uses other materials used for equipment maintenance. As any modern enterprise, they also utilize information and human resources.
The companies Plast and Prof are parts of the Komplekt group. Moreover, the Plast has a retail store chain. The Prof and the Plast are set within the territory of one manufacturing unit located outside the region’s capital city. The chain stores of the Plast are located both in the capital city, which is also home of the manufacturing unit itself, and other cities of the region.
2.6 Current document flow
Currently, the greater part of the document flow is made by handing over written or printed documents within the companies described. As one can see, this makes the work too complex, and, what is the most important, seriously increases the length of the transaction conducting period.present moment, these companies have two information systems unconnected with each other. Each warehouse uses «1C: Sklad (Warehouse)», while the accounting department uses «1C: Buhgalteria (Accounting department)». The information system, though first implemented by both companies about two years ago, has failed to function effectively.stock control clerks have been trained to use the «1C: Sklad». The warehouse and the accounting department interact by transferring printed documentation now. The same principle is used for interaction between the warehouse and other departments at both companies, i.e. the Prof and the Plast.for the accounting departments, since the same staff of employees work for both companies, they use two separate copies of the «1C: Buhgalteria» program.two companies run their business so, that all departments are constantly interacting with one another. A lot of documents daily go from top managers (department heads) to factory workers and back., because the document circulation is done by hand, each stage of document processing takes a long time. Moreover, that distracts people from their work, not to mention a lot of funds daily spent on stationery. It raises a problem of necessary control over conducting transactions and also giving instructions and reports inside the company.
Chapter 3. Sector under review
The object of this investigation is the market of various electronic document flow systems existing in Russia. Hundreds of companies all over the world make such applications, and the most well-known of them are, for example, the ACS Software, made systems such as BOSS-REFERENT (IT), Kodeks, Dokumentooborot (consortium Коdeks), Гран-док (Granit), Evfrat (Сognitive Technologies), Delo (EOS), LanDocs (Lanit), 1С:Dokumentooborot and 1С:Arhiv, Tsirkular and Visual DOC (TsentrInvest soft), Document-2000 (TelcomService) and some others.analytical survey of that market shows that the option 1C is the most effective one for a small manufacturing business as most of the employees have been trained to work with that information system. Besides, the companies described have already purchased the program «1С:Predpriyatie (Enterprise) 8.0».
«1С:Predpriyatie (Enterprise) 8.0» for organizations and individual persons includes a platform and platform-based applications. The platform adjustability makes it possible to apply «1С:Predpriyatie (Enterprise) 8.0» in a variety of cases:
·automatization of manufacturing and trading businesses, state-funded and financial organizations, service facilities etc.;
·operative business administration support;
·automatization of organization and business activities;
·handling book keeping with several account plans and discretionary accounting measurements, regimented recording;
·conducting planning, budgeting, and financial analyses;
·doing payroll job and personnel workforce management;
The company «1С» produces mass-market applications, intended for automatization of standard accounting and management tasks in real economy commercial enterprises and state-funded organizations. Each program product combines standard solutions (shared by all or several programs) and specific features of a particular industry sector or a line of business.world-famous auditing and consulting company PricewaterhouseCoopers gives consulting help on methodological aspects of managerial and financial reporting and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).
Conclusion. Expected results
Speaking of the results expected, it is worth mentioning that this graduation thesis aims at developing a project on implementing the information system under study in the work of the Komplekt group, consisting in its turn of the Prof, the Plast, and a retail store chain. Further on, recommendations on the information system implementation procedure itself will be given.the information system implementation, the holding company’s work is expected to considerably improve in the following ways. First of all, the document handling rate will increase. Next, the staff administration and control (i.e. administration and control functions) is going to become more effective. Finally, the stationery expenses are going to get a lot lower by the end of a quarter period., the company’s IT expenses are also going to lessen after certain system adjustments. Besides, a total remote control over the company’s work as it is possible to utilize web-interfaces.completion of the analysis of all company’s business activities, some of those business activities are likely to be modified to make the company’s work more effective. The major results of this thesis on Information system implementation at an enterprise may be of great value in order to shape the working process and improve the reporting layout. There will be an opportunity to install widgets displaying the major data about each company in the real-time mode.conclusion it can be said that the major advantage of the information system implementation in the work of the Komplekt group is an overall performance optimization in both the group itself and each of its branches. The information system will also enable to make a more clearly arranged analysis of the company’s work in order to make the right managerial decisions.
electronic document information
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